.
  • Written by Jamie Pittock, Director, International Programs, UNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transboundary Water Governance, Australian National University

Last weekend South Australian Premier Jay Weatherill announced the establishment of a Royal Commission to investigate breaches of the Murray Darling Basin Agreement.

This follows apparently egregious behaviour by some irrigators and state government regulators in New South Wales. Yet the alleged theft of water in the Murray-Darling Basin is only the tip of the iceberg when we consider the institutional problems – namely the capture of state government agencies by powerful irrigation interests.

Take NSW as an example. In 1993 the then state Department of Water Resources’ North west rivers audit found the same theft, meter-tampering and questionable government oversight exposed again by the ABC’s Four Corners investigation in July.

Only half of the targeted volume of salt has been flushed out to sea and the water supply to Broken Hill and other communities has become unreliable. Moreover, floodplain forests and wetlands of international significance continue to decline, and native fish and water bird populations have flatlined.

In fact, many values are at risk in the river system that supplies water to more than 3 million people, and covers a seventh of Australia’s landmass. It is not only a few (alleged) bad apples, it is governance of water that is broken.

image Map of south-east Australia highlighting the Murray-Darling basin and major rivers that flow through it. Murray-Darling Basin Authority/Reuters

Problems with the existing plan

While bad behaviour in NSW is evident, of more concern is the way some state governments are frustrating implementation of the A$13 billion 2012-26 Basin Plan and associated programs to recover water for the river system.

If the Basin Plan is to improve the health of the river and its extensive floodplain forests along the lower River Murray, the water recovered for the environment needs to be released in pulses. That will be the best way to ensure it can rise out of the river channel and inundate wetlands.

Read more: Is the Murray-Darling Basin Plan broken?

In this context it is unhelpful for the Victorian Government to propose flows of around half the previously agreed size because of the objections of a small number of landowners along the Goulburn River in its Goulburn key focus area project.

Upstream, state governments have rules that allow water purchased by taxpayers for the river to be extracted by irrigators when it crosses state borders. However, they are failing to remove bottlenecks that prevent managed floods from travelling safely down rivers. They have even proposed to reduce the water available for the environment below minimum requirements.

Astonishingly, 30% of water extraction points in the Basin are still not metered and the information that is collected is not publicly available or audited so that theft can be penalised.

image Where the Darling River meets the Murray River at the town of Wentworth. AAP

Sustainable management required

Sustainable management of the Murray-Darling Basin requires trust and cooperation among the responsible state, ACT and federal governments.

The alleged water theft in NSW breaks that trust, especially for SA as the downstream state that relies on the River Murray. But so too does the stalling of implementation of the Basin Plan agreement and manipulation of the rules that govern who gets what water and when they get it.

Read more: ‘Tax returns for water’: satellite-audited statements can save the Murray-Darling

The foundation of trust is transparency. As a start, there are many opportunities for online recording of water allocations and use to increase trust. It is still possible to fix implementation of the Plan.

In a report released yesterday the Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists has identified several solutions, including metering all water diversions, completing water recovery, and investing in regional development.

The good news is that there are signs of political leadership. The Council of Australian Governments promised in June to deliver the Basin Plan “in full and on time” for its planned commencement in 2019.

Recently, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull recommitted the federal government to Basin Plan implementation. He endorsed the far-reaching recommendations of the Murray-Darling Basin Authority’s Basin-wide Compliance Review to strengthen enforcement of water laws and the Basin Plan, and to recover the remaining environmental water.

The SA Royal Commission

Beginning in 2018, Weatherill’s newly announced Royal Commission will investigate breaches of the Murray Darling Basin Agreement, and the Commissioner “will examine the adequacy of existing legislation and practices and make recommendations for any necessary changes.”

Most significantly, Weatherill has proposed going beyond water theft to “look into whether any legislative or policy changes since the agreement was signed in 2012 have been inconsistent with the purpose of the Basin Agreement and Basin Plan”.

Read more: We need more than just extra water to save the Murray-Darling Basin

The Royal Commission’s terms of reference are not yet available and the extent of cooperation of upstream governments is highly uncertain (NSW has already said it will not cooperate). Yet the Royal Commission could help identify ways to better meter and account for water, improve compliance and set rules to protect environmental water.

At the next Basin Ministerial Council meeting later this year the governments need to map out measures to put the Plan back on track. If it can do so, it will be endorsed at the Council of Australian Governments in 2018. This is their opportunity to articulate precisely how they will fulfil their commitment to delivering the basin plan in full and on time.

The Murray-Darling Basin Plan is not perfect. Implementation has problems, but with the remaining $5.1 billion allocated funds and proper leadership it can be well implemented to benefit both people and the environment.

Authors: Jamie Pittock, Director, International Programs, UNESCO Chair in Water Economics and Transboundary Water Governance, Australian National University

Read more http://theconversation.com/new-royal-commission-into-water-theft-may-be-just-the-tip-of-iceberg-for-the-murray-darling-basin-88166

The Brexit mess could lead to a break-up of a no longer United Kingdom

The crisis enveloping the British government started when Britons voted "yes" to leaving the European Union in 2016.Neil Hall/EPABehind the scenes at Westminster and the teetering fate of the British ...

Child Acting and Modeling: How Parents Can Get Involved

Child acting and modeling can be an educational and fun experience not just for the kids, but for their parents as well. There are plenty of excellent learning opportunities involved in it if you co...

How Dental Care Changes As We Age

Dental care is important; no matter what stage you are at in life. However, things do inevitably change with age and this makes it necessary to customise your approach. Sometimes, it can be easy eno...

It's the right time to review the world's chemical weapons convention

Chemical weapons in civilian attacks;: Novichok decontamination work in the area where Sergei and Yulia Skripal were found poisoned and unconscious in Salisbury, UK.Shutterstock/Amani AThe chemical we...

Logging must stop in Melbourne's biggest water supply catchment

Clearfell logging in the Thomson Catchment with the Thomson Reservoir in the background. Chris TaylorContinued logging in Melbourne’s water catchments could reduce the city’s water supply ...

How digital media blur the border between Australia and China

WeChat is an all-in-one social media platform that combines services such as those offered by WhatsApp, Facebook, Uber and Apple Pay.ShutterstockIn this series Hacking #auspol we explore whether cover...

do hangover cures actually work?

Who wouldn't want a quick fix?fizkes/ShutterstockIt seemed like a good idea at the time. But a few drinks with friends turned into a few more, and the next morning you’re not feeling so crash ho...

Evidence of aliens? What to make of research and reporting on 'Oumuamua, our visitor from space

An artist’s impression of `Oumuamua, the first interstellar object discovered in the Solar System.ESA/Hubble, NASA, ESO, M. Kornmesser, CC BYThis article is part of our occasional long read seri...

Politics

George Neophytou supports roads funding and more

Independent candidate for Gippsland East George Neophytou has pledged to support completion of duplication of the Princes Highway between Traralgon and Sale and to upgrading of the Sale alternative ...

Scott Morrison interview with Alan Jones

Belt and Road Initiative; Law and order in Victoria; Queensland infrastructure; Power prices; Paris Agreement; Immigration; Negative gearing.   ALAN JONES: Prime Minister, good morning.   PRIME ...

George Neophytou a real force to stop the Fingerboards Mine

George Neophytou a solicitor contesting the election as an Independent Candidate has been an activist against the Fingerboards Mineral Sands Mine for over two years. His track record shows ability a...

Business News

Hussh

Hussh . . . The Secret is Out Your exclusive invitation to 9 massive warehouse sales this week The secret to huge savings is shopping directly from the warehouses of Australia’s biggest wholesa...

Web Wisdom - Simple Ways to Increase Sales as an e-Commerce Website

The online marketplace is a virtual paradise for consumers who love a bargain. Today’s e-commerce has become so evolved that consumers not only have purchasing power, but they also can influence maj...

Digital marketing agencies are fudging the numbers and distorting the outcomes for their clients

Many digital marketing agencies manipulate reports to make themselves look good, offering vanity stats that really provide no benefit to their clients. One of the most common mistakes companies make...

Travel

Pet-Friendly Summer Destinations in NZ

No one wants to leave their pet at home and why should you have to? When it comes to traveling around in a campervan hire New Zealand, you may not want to live your precious animal back home. You shou...

DriveMyCar

DON’T GET SLUGGED WITH THE SIX-HUNDRED-DOLLAR CHRISTMAS TAX Revealed: traditional car rental companies charging 3.3 times more to rent a vehicle over Christmas A comparison of rental costs per day...

Looking for a Romantic Destination? Here’s Why the Philippines May Be Perfect for You

Image Source: https://pixabay.com/en/couple-man-woman-girl-guy-love-2585328/Perhaps, you want a spot to celebrate your honeymoon after several months of wedding planning. Or, maybe you are just loo...