Daily Bulletin


The Conversation

  • Written by Clinton Free, Professor, UNSW
The Conversation

An irony of the banking royal commission is that it may end up having its greatest impact on an entity that isn’t a bank.

The Australian Securities and Investments Commission and its shortcomings have become a major theme of the Commission.

Whereas the banks have already implemented a host of changes in anticipation of the Commissioner’s final report, the future of ASIC remains in flux.

It is mentioned in the Commission’s interim report more often than any of the banks, apart from the Commonwealth and the ANZ.

ASIC has also become something of a whipping boy in media accounts of misconduct, frequently getting more column inches than the institutions it regulates.

ASIC under the microscope

The irony is deepened by the fact that many of the cases examined by the Commission came to its attention as a result of ASIC’s work.

In his interim report the Commissioner advocates a prosecutorial approach to regulation, going as far as to say that all breaches should be prosecuted unless public interest shows otherwise.

The Commissioner seems committed to the need to reinvent the regulator as an adversarial, proactive force.

Throughout the Commission hearings, ASIC has been depicted as gentle and overly fond of negotiated settlements rather than wielding the stick.

This week a Federal Court judge took a critical stand about a negotiated settlement reached by ASIC with Westpac bank.

Justice Nye Perram threw out a A$35 million settlement between ASIC and Westpac over the bank’s alleged failure to properly assess whether borrowers could meet repayments.

Read more: Behind the judgment. Why the Federal Court tore up a $35m settlement between ASIC and Westpac over lending standards

He told the parties he could not approve the requested settlement because there was no contravention of the law shown in the proposed terms of settlement.

One of the consequences of Justice Perram’s action is that now ASIC may have to prove a contravention in relation to each and every loan where it says Westpac was in breach. Negotiated settlements avoid this extremely expensive and time-consuming use of ASIC’s resources.

Regulation by prosecution?

Before changes are implemented to sharpen ASIC’s teeth and commit more scarce public funds to expensive court proceedings, it’s worth reflecting on the realities of enforcement.

All regulators use a mix of negotiation and litigation. This includes the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission, which has been commended by the Commissioner.

In the financial year 2016-17, the ACCC initiated 24 new civil cases, instigated one criminal conviction, accepted 14 enforceable undertakings, and received payment for 11 infringement notices with a total value of A$115,200.

In the same period, ASIC initiated 112 new civil actions, drove 20 criminal convictions, accepted 16 enforceable undertakings, and issued 74 infringement notices with a total value of A$4.3 million.

Read more: Uncomfortable comparisons. Why Rod Sims broke the ACCC record

In the face of misconduct on display at the royal commission, talk of tackling the banks head-on is understandable.

The signs of a greater commitment to court proceedings are already apparent: the appointment of Melbourne-based lawyer Daniel Crennan as a new Commissioner responsible for enforcement, more staff, closer relations with the Director of Public Prosecutions, and tough talk.

Adversarial isn’t always best

ASIC is at a crossroads.

Greater reliance on the courts may well be characterised by delay, smaller compensation for customers, ballooning costs and, as a result, a shrinking budget for detection and investigation.

Even with the then Treasurer Scott Morisson’s A$70 million injection to boost enforcement, ASIC’s total budget pales in comparison to the deep pockets of the big four banks.

Getting onto the front foot needn’t always mean going to court.

Negotiated settlements like enforceable undertakings with more penetrating terms can be just as effective as going to court, as can stronger surveillance and investigation.

Read more: The problem with Australia's banks is one of too much law and too little enforcement

In times with less frenzied scrutiny, enforcement outside courts wouldn’t be seen as a sign of weakness, but of judgement. ASIC ought to be judged on its results and left to exercise a mix of enforcement strategies under its independent powers.

Enforcement outside the court system does not mean capture or weakness. Lawyers at ten paces is not the only way to regulate the banks.

Authors: Clinton Free, Professor, UNSW

Read more http://theconversation.com/in-defence-of-asic-theres-more-to-regulation-than-prosecution-106239

Writers Wanted

NSW wants to change rules on suspending and expelling students. How does it compare to other states?

arrow_forward

The Conversation
INTERWEBS DIGITAL AGENCY

Politics

Prime Minister Interview with Kieran Gilbert, Sky News

KIERAN GILBERT: Kieran Gilbert here with you and the Prime Minister joins me. Prime Minister, thanks so much for your time.  PRIME MINISTER: G'day Kieran.  GILBERT: An assumption a vaccine is ...

Daily Bulletin - avatar Daily Bulletin

Did BLM Really Change the US Police Work?

The Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement has proven that the power of the state rests in the hands of the people it governs. Following the death of 46-year-old black American George Floyd in a case of ...

a Guest Writer - avatar a Guest Writer

Scott Morrison: the right man at the right time

Australia is not at war with another nation or ideology in August 2020 but the nation is in conflict. There are serious threats from China and there are many challenges flowing from the pandemic tha...

Greg Rogers - avatar Greg Rogers

Business News

What Few People Know About Painters

What do you look for when renting a house? Most potential tenants look for the general appearance of a house. If the house is poorly decorated, they are likely to turn you off. A painter Adelaide ...

News Co - avatar News Co

Important Instagram marketing tips

Instagram marketing is one of the most important approaches for digital advertisers. If you want to promote products online, then Instagram along with Facebook is the perfect option. After Faceboo...

News Co - avatar News Co

Top 3 Accident Law Firms of Riverside County, CA

Do you live in Riverside County and faced an accident and now looking for a trusted Law firm to present your case? If yes, then you have come to the right place. The purpose of the article is to...

News Co - avatar News Co



News Co Media Group

Content & Technology Connecting Global Audiences

More Information - Less Opinion