Naritas Finance
Daily Bulletin

The Conversation

  • Written by Terry Goldsworthy, Associate Professor in Criminology, Bond University

Curious Kids is a series for children. Send your question to You might also like the podcast Imagine This, a co-production between ABC KIDS listen and The Conversation, based on Curious Kids.

Is it more dangerous for police to pursue a suspect than to call off the pursuit? – Hugo, age 12, Melbourne.

There is no simple answer to your question. Police officers do a difficult job – every day they are faced with dangerous situations. One of the most difficult situations a police officer can face is being involved in a pursuit.

I was a police officer in Queensland for 28 years and spent some years in the traffic branch as a motorcyclist, before I later became a detective. When I was in the traffic branch, I was involved in many pursuits. I also had to do accident investigation duties where I had to investigate serious and even fatal accidents.

Read more: Curious Kids: who were the Spartans?

Why and when can police start a pursuit?

Police are allowed to break certain traffic laws – such as going over the speed limit and going through red lights – if they are pursuing a suspect. But there are conditions. For instance, most police services require the police vehicle to come to a stop before going through the red light, even when they have their lights and siren on.

Generally, though, the police are not allowed to drive dangerously when pursuing a suspect. In fact, it is a criminal offence. So if the pursuit becomes dangerous, the police are supposed to stop chasing the suspect. Unfortunately that doesn’t always happen, and people can die as a result of a police pursuit.

Police are trained to drive fast in case they need to pursue a suspect. But initiating a pursuit is a very serious thing. It’s a difficult decision to make, and often has to happen very quickly and under a lot of pressure.

Who decides if the police pursuit continues?

Once a pursuit is initiated, police need to radio their operations centre and advise that they are in pursuit of a suspect. They will describe the actions of the suspect, speeds, location, and any dangerous acts committed by the suspect.

Once the police officers in the car call in the pursuit, a more senior officer at the operations centre will make a decision on when to allow the pursuit to continue and when to stop it.

The senior officer will consider many factors, including:

  • danger to the public

  • the seriousness of the offence that led to the pursuit being started

  • whether the police know the identity of the suspect

  • the type of police vehicle involved

  • the time of day

  • weather conditions.

If the senior officer says to end the pursuit, all the police pursuing the suspect must stop chasing them. Most police services have policies that guide police officers on how to conduct pursuits.

How common are police pursuits?

In Australia each year there are more than 3,000 police pursuits. Fewer than 1% of those pursuits result in a fatal accident. Most pursuits start as the result of minor offences.

An Australian Institute of Criminology study identified that:

  • in 2009 there were 3,806 pursuits

  • in 2010 there were 3,865 pursuits

  • in 2011 there were 4,175 pursuits across Australia.

The study concluded that:

…males under the age of 25 accounted for a large proportion of individuals who died as a result of a police pursuit and it was found that almost nine in every 10 alleged offenders who died driving the vehicle being pursued had consumed alcohol, drugs or both prior to the incident. Findings also highlighted that pursuit fatalities were more likely to have occurred late at night and in urban areas. While the average speeds of vehicles involved in fatal pursuits have increased slightly, the average duration of fatal pursuits has declined considerably.

The study found that between 2000 and 2011 there were 218 deaths in 185 crashes. Of those killed, 38% were bystanders, while the other 62% of deaths involved the driver or passenger of the pursued vehicle.

Traffic matters and stolen motor vehicles were the most common offences that led to a fatal pursuit.

The same study concluded:

Finally, this study revealed that police agencies are very aware of the risks associated with pursuits and restrictive reforms to pursuit policies have been introduced in some jurisdictions.

These restrictions mean police are generally only supposed to pursue suspects for more serious offences and only if there is no danger to the police or public.

This is because police have been criticised for pursuits that have ended with people – including innocent bystanders – being killed.

Pursuits are really difficult situations for police. As a Victoria Police report on pursuits said:

The fallout public opinion and media commentary that follows a pursuit indicates it truly is the case of damned if you do, damned if you don’t.

Read more: Curious Kids: what's the history of aircraft squawk codes and how do they work?

Hello, curious kids! Have you got a question you’d like an expert to answer? Ask an adult to send your question to us. You can:

* Email your question to * Tell us on Twitter by tagging @ConversationEDU with the hashtag #curiouskids, or * Tell us on Facebook

is it more dangerous for police to pursue a suspect than to call off the pursuit? CC BY-ND Please tell us your name, age and which city you live in. You can send an audio recording of your question too, if you want. Send as many questions as you like! We won’t be able to answer every question but we will do our best.

Authors: Terry Goldsworthy, Associate Professor in Criminology, Bond University

Read more


The Coalition will boost support for veterans and their families

SUPPORT FOR OUR VETERANS AND THEIR FAMILIES   The Coalition will boost support for veterans and their families as part of a $63.2 million suite of initiatives to create Veterans’ Wellbeing Centres...

Scott Morrison - avatar Scott Morrison

Prime Minister interview with Natalie Barr, Sunrise

Prime Minister Scott Morrison joins me now. PM thanks for your time this morning. PRIME MINISTER: Thank you. BARR: Do we have any knowledge as to who is responsible for this devastating attack? ...

Natalie Barr - avatar Natalie Barr

Retirees Question Research for Labor Policies

The Association of Independent Retirees questions the research undertaken by the Labor Party in developing a number of their policies including franking credit refunds, negative gearing and capital ga...

Association of Independent Retirees - avatar Association of Independent Retirees

Business News

Running Your Own Internet-Based Clothing Company

The Internet era has completely transformed the way in which the world works. All industries have been affected by the advent of the web, from local restaurants to multi-billion-dollar international...

Eric Horowitz - avatar Eric Horowitz


Most of us in business have heard the old adage, “half of your marketing spend is wasted, but you do not know which half”.   We now no longer need that to be true. Why? Well, you see we used to ta...

Drew Bowering, Senior Director of Market Management, Expedia Group - avatar Drew Bowering, Senior Director of Market Management, Expedia Group

MoneyGram and 7-Eleven expand partnership

  MoneyGram (NASDAQ: MGI), a global provider of innovative money transfer services, has renewed its partnership with 7-Eleven Australia for an additional five years, ensuring that consumers continu...

Media Release Service - avatar Media Release Service


Things to Consider Before Emigrating to Australia

Moving abroad is often a big and an overwhelming decision that can hugely change your life and your future. Therefore, it is important to spend some time considering where you want to move to and rese...

News Company - avatar News Company

The Majestic City of Innsbruck

Innsbruck is the capital city of Tyrol and is the fifth largest city in Austria. It is located in western Austria between the high mountains of Karwendel Alps in the north and Patscherkofel in t...

Nico Hoffmann - avatar Nico Hoffmann

Bedsonline hosts Australian events to celebrate new brand launch

SYDNEY, April 15, 2019 Bedsonline(, the leading global provider of accommodation and complementary travel products exclusively for travel agents, has hosted a ser...

Bedsonline - avatar Bedsonline