Daily Bulletin

The Conversation

  • Written by The Conversation
imageThe Beatles on Salisbury Plain whilst filming Help!PA/PA Archive

It’s 50 years since the release of the Beatles’s second feature film, Help!. Whatever you may think of the film itself (which got very mixed reviews) this rollicking film of “good, clean insanity” provides a wonderfully unique window on to the social changes that men saw in the 1960s.

As Alex Bilmes recently wrote in Esquire, the Beatles “made it not just OK but insanely desirable to be a stylish, successful, smartarse British man”. The representation of masculinity embodied in Help! is a key stepping stone to more obvious displays of gender fluidity that were to emerge in later decades.

The music journalist, Ian MacDonald, says the Beatles were critical to popular culture in the 1960s because of their global fame and the media interest in their activities. He argues that they were therefore a prism through which social changes were magnified and reflected.

Their first feature film, A Hard Day’s Night (1964) had provided a global audience with the chance to see a mockumentary about a day in the life of the Beatles at the height of Beatlemania. Despite their exuberance, feminised appearance and a number of queer moments (such as Lennon batting his eyelids and saying “give us a kiss” to a bowler hatted gent in a railway carriage), the film had much in common with the new-wave kitchen sink dramas of the early 1960s. It presented the most famous men on the planet as trapped by their day job; work central to their male identity.

But Help! sees them as men at play, in a technicolour international travelogue ranging from London to the Bahamas. Here it is not work but style, upward mobility and independent exotic living that become central to their identity as 60s Englishmen. There is also no central romantic plot, a significant break with cinematic convention.


Described by Chris Hutchins in his NME review at the time as “100 minutes of nonsense”, the plot of Help! revolves around the attempt of a rogue Eastern religious sect to retrieve a sacrificial ring sent to Ringo by a fan. Yes, it’s silly.

The beginning of the film emphasises a shift from reality to fantasy. First the Beatles are seen in black and white, wearing black roll-neck sweaters and Beatle boots in what looks like an outtake from A Hard Day’s Night. The next time they appear, they’re in colour. Like Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz, they have travelled from the black and white “reality” of Kansas (read Liverpool) to the Technicolour fantasy world of Oz (read pot-fuelled swinging London, 1965). Director Dick Lester brings a style over substance fantasy approach which preempts other key 60s texts, such as Batman and the Avengers, that bring the extraordinary to the ordinary.

This ordinary yet extraordinary nature of the Beatles is established in a memorable early scene where they arrive in a limousine in a terraced street and walk up to the doors of four adjoining terraced houses. As they step through four separate front doors, they enter one large communal room filled with contemporary designer furniture.

This transition is another that mirrors the shift from the black and white reality of 1964 to the technicolour hyperreality of 1965. It is also reflective of the potentially different lifestyle opening up for men in the mid 1960s. The house is a fantasy world where expectations created by the outside are subverted by the inside view. They are men reclaiming the indoors, independent and homosocial.

Metrosexual prototypes

Bearing this in mind, Mark Simpson’s 1994 “identification” of the metrosexual clearly has its roots firmly in the mid 1960s. Simpson describes the typical metrosexual as a young man with money to spend, living in or within easy reach of the metropolis, who could be gay, straight or bisexual. The Beatles in Help! undoubtedly fit these criteria: they dramatise the increasing feminisation of men’s visual appearance, characterised by increased hair length and an ever more dandified dress sense.

The clothes worn by the Beatles in Help! are a development of the mod style of the early 1960s. Suits are worn with coloured roll-neck sweaters, coloured shirts begin to be introduced along with materials such as corduroy and denim and the addition of capes and hats. A scene where they are seen recording on Salisbury Plain wearing a camped-up version of military attire is just one example from the film where they are juxtaposed with traditional sartorial symbols of masculinity and subvert them.

Two years after Help! The Beatles would push the boundaries of male attire and masculine possibilities still further, frolicking in the psychedelic foliage of the Magical Mystery Tour. But the initial thrust of change is nowhere better depicted than in Help!, a film that encouraged nothing less than the re-imagination of the Englishman.

Martin King does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above.

Authors: The Conversation

Read more http://theconversation.com/the-beatles-help-and-the-creation-of-the-modern-british-man-44436

Writers Wanted

Five things to know about the Antichrist


New modelling finds investing in childcare and aged care almost pays for itself


The Conversation


Prime Minister Interview with Kieran Gilbert, Sky News

KIERAN GILBERT: Kieran Gilbert here with you and the Prime Minister joins me. Prime Minister, thanks so much for your time.  PRIME MINISTER: G'day Kieran.  GILBERT: An assumption a vaccine is ...

Daily Bulletin - avatar Daily Bulletin

Did BLM Really Change the US Police Work?

The Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement has proven that the power of the state rests in the hands of the people it governs. Following the death of 46-year-old black American George Floyd in a case of ...

a Guest Writer - avatar a Guest Writer

Scott Morrison: the right man at the right time

Australia is not at war with another nation or ideology in August 2020 but the nation is in conflict. There are serious threats from China and there are many challenges flowing from the pandemic tha...

Greg Rogers - avatar Greg Rogers

Business News

Top 3 Accident Law Firms of Riverside County, CA

Do you live in Riverside County and faced an accident and now looking for a trusted Law firm to present your case? If yes, then you have come to the right place. The purpose of the article is to...

News Co - avatar News Co

3 Ways to Keep Your Business Safe with Roller Shutters

If you operate your business in a neighbourhood or city that is not known for being a safe environment, it is not surprising if you often worry about the safety of your business establishments o...

News Co - avatar News Co

Expert Tips on How to Create a Digital Product to Sell on Your Blog

As the managing director of a growing talent agency, I use the company blog to not only promote my business but as a way to establish ourselves as an authority in our industry. You see, blogs a...

Adam Jacobs - avatar Adam Jacobs

News Co Media Group

Content & Technology Connecting Global Audiences

More Information - Less Opinion